The Nation of Israel is situated in southwestern Asia along the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, Israel extends about 200 miles North and South and 70 miles East and West; at its narrowest, just north of Tel Aviv (Yafo or Jaffa), it is 12 miles across.
The land of Israel was promised to Abraham by the LORD early in the Bible, “On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, ‘To your descendants I have given this land…” Genesis 15:18, and then confirmed to Abraham's son Isaac, "I will be with you and bless you, for to you and to your descendants I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore to your father Abraham.” Genesis 26:3. Once again God’s covenant promise was given to Isaac's son Jacob, “I will give it to you and to your descendants.” Genesis 28:13. The Promised Land was described in terms of the territory from the Red Sea to the Euphrates River. Exodus 23:31.
Israel is bordered on the North by Lebanon, on the East by Syria and Jordan. On the South it is bordered by the Gulf of Aqaba (Gulf of Elat), and on the South West by Egypt and on the West by the Mediterranean Sea. Comparatively, the area of Israel is slightly smaller than the state of New Jersey.
As we have the privilege to walk through the Holy Land, the key issue to remember is, this is the LORD’S Covenant land. “Then the LORD said to him, ‘This is the land which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, I will give it to your descendants.’” Deuteronomy 34:4
The LORD gave over 22 prophecies that the nation of Israel would be scattered to the four winds of the earth. Zech. 7:14 states, "but I scattered them with a storm wind among all the nations whom they have not known, Thus the land is desolated behind them so that no one went back and forth, for they made the pleasant land desolate." The nation was dispersed in 70 A.D. to the four corners of the world, however, the LORD would not let His people be forsaken forever, He would bring them back with an outstretched arm.
The LORD God foretold through His prophets He would restore His nation. Through the prophet Hosea God declared, “For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred stones, without ephod or idol. Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king. They will come trembling to the LORD and to his blessings in the last days.” Hosea 3:4-5.
The Nation of Israel would dwell for many years outside of their Promised Land. After this time had elapsed God would return to them to their ancient possession. The predictions were exact and complete making the nation’s return a supernatural happening of our age. A prophecy by God fulfilled as a modern miracle.
The LORD spoke through many of His prophets and declared He would bring them back to their homeland. "I will bring you from the nations and gather you from the countries where you have been scattered – with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with outpoured wrath." Ezekiel 20:34.
Isaiah declared: “In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the remnant that is left of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the sea. He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four corners of the earth.” Isaiah 11:11-12.
God used the prophet Jeremiah around 600 B.C. to tell the world that God's people would be taken captive, but when they returned they would buy the land and the LORD would restore their fortunes. That is precisely what returning Jews did, starting nearly a century ago – they bought back the land. “Men shall buy fields for money, sign and seal deeds, and call in witnesses in the land of Benjamin, in the environs of Jerusalem, in the cities of Judah, in the cities of the hill country, in the cities of the lowland, and in the cities of the Negev; for I will restore their fortunes, declares the LORD.” Jeremiah 32:44.
Reborn in a Day!
Not only would the people return, but they would also become their own sovereign nation again, and as prophesied, they would be reborn in a day. Israel, a nation had not existed as a separate nation for thousands of years, was declared a new sovereign state by an act of the United Nations, on May 14, 1948. The nation was born in a day. “Who has heard such a thing? Who has seen such things? Can a land be born in one day? Can a nation be brought forth all at once? As soon as Zion travailed, she also brought forth her sons.” Isaiah 66:8.
The LORD told of the exact return of His people, “Do not fear, for I am with you; I will bring your offspring from the east, and gather you from the west. I will say to the north, Give them up? And to the south, Do not hold them back ‘Bring my sons from afar and my daughters from the ends of the earth, Everyone who is called by My name…'” Isaiah43:5-7
Order of Return
The first returning Jews came primarily from eastern Arab countries. The next major movement came from the western countries of Europe, especially Germany. Then they came in great numbers from Russia – north during the end of the 1980’s. The last great migrations of Jews returning to Israel came from Ethiopia in the south. This is precise order of return that was predicted by Isaiah the prophet thousands of years earlier.
Creation of Israel – 1948
When God declares-man obeys. On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.
Although the United States supported the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which favored the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had assured the Arabs in 1945 that the United States would not intervene without consulting both the Jews and the Arabs in that region. The British, who held a colonial mandate for Palestine until May 1948, opposed both the creation of a Jewish state and an Arab state in Palestine as well as unlimited immigration of Jewish refugees to the region. Great Britain wanted to preserve good relations with the Arabs to protect its vital political and economic interests.
The Israeli Declaration of Independence, formally the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel was declared by the United Nations. Unfortunately the western sector of Jerusalem became its capitol but the eastern sector (including the Old City) was annexed by Jordan and ruled from its capitol in Amman. The Jews living in the land since the time of Abraham were at the mercy of the enemy yet again.
Miraculously, Jerusalem, the capitol of Israel was united after the six-day war in 1967 and finally after decades United States declared in 2018 what God has ordained since the beginning of time – Israel’s eternal capitol is Jerusalem.